super dollars
A superdollar (also known as a superbill or
supernote) is a very high quality counterfeit
United States one hundred-dollar bill , [1] alleged
by the U.S. Government to have been made by
unknown organizations or governments. [2][3] In
2011 government sources stated that these
“counterfeit bills were in worldwide circulation
from the late 1980s until at least July 2000” in an
extradition court case. [4]
Various groups have been suspected of creating
such notes, and international opinion on the origin
of the notes varies. The U.S. Government believes
that most likely most of these notes were
produced in North Korea.[5] Over $35 million of $
100 bills were produced by British criminals
arrested in 2002. Other sources claimed include
criminal gangs in Iran, Russia, China or Syria. The
name derives from the fact that the quality of the
notes exceeds that of the originals. [6] [verification
needed ]
More $100 bills circulate in Asia , where U.S.
currency is often seen as a safer investment than
local currency, [ citation needed ] and many
seizures of supernotes are associated with
persons from Korea, Russia , and the Middle East .
[citation needed ]
A new $100 bill design intended to thwart
counterfeiting, incorporating a “3D security
ribbon,” colorshifting numerals and drawings, and
microprinting, entered circulation in 2013. [7]
Supernotes are said to be made with the highest
quality of ink printed on a cotton/linen blend, and
are designed to recreate the various security
features of United States currency, such as the
red and blue security fibers, the security thread,
and the watermark . Moreover, they are printed
using an intaglio printing process or with
engraved plates, the same process used by the U.
S. Government for legitimate notes. In most
counterfeiting, offset printing or color inkjet and
laser printing are most common means of making
counterfeit money. [8]
Experts who have studied supernotes extensively
and examined them alongside genuine bills point
out that there are many different varieties of
supernotes. In 2006 the “family” of fraudulent
bills was thought to have 19 members, [9] but
since 2006 producers of the supernotes have
improved the product, and more varieties exist.
Early versions of the fake notes, for example,
lacked the bands of magnetic ink printed in
distinctive patterns on different denominations of
U. S. money; later counterfeits rectified this error.
Several of the inconspicuous “mistakes” on the
first supernotes were corrected, some several
On the genuine $100 bill, for example, the left
base vertical line of the lamp post near the figure
on the reverse of the $100 note is weak. The first
supernotes printed this line too distinctly,
rendering the counterfeit more authoritatively
printed than the original. Later supernotes over-
corrected this strong line by removing it
altogether. Similarly, the hands of the clock on
Independence Hall on the genuine bill extend
slightly beyond the inner circle ; on the supernotes
they stop short of it.
On the front of the supernote, in the “N” in
“UNITED STATES,” a slash can be seen to the
right of the diagonal and the right ascender of the
letter; there is none on the genuine note. Other
differences in vignetting and in the defining lines
of the top ornament in Independence Hall have
been observed.[citation needed ] Klaus Bender and
others have speculated that the counterfeiters
introduced these differences to be able to
distinguish their product from the original, but
there is no obvious way to confirm this.
Arrests of United States distributors
In two sting operations running from 2002 to
2005, dubbed “Operation Smoking Dragon” and
“Operation Royal Charm”, United States agents
arrested at least 87 people on charges that
included smuggling superdollars. About $4.5
million in counterfeit currency was seized, much in
$100 bills. No definitive origin for the counterfeit
$100 bills was determined. [10][11]
Confirmed sources
British criminals
In 2005, British criminals, Anatasios Arnaouti and
four others, were convicted of conspiracy to make
counterfeit currency in the United Kingdom . They
were arrested in 2002 after an operation that
involved the U.S. Secret Service. The counterfeit
currency recovered included $3.5 million of $100
bills, which Bank of England experts said were of
excellent quality. The police stated that “The
potential to undermine the economy of the UK
and US was very significant.” [12][13]
The printer admitted to making 350,000 $100
bills, $35 million, over 18 months.[14] The gang
were using equipment capable of printing £1
million per day, and boasted they were producing
$500,000 in fake dollars a day. [12][15]
United States criminals
A number of United States criminals have been
convicted of producing $100 bills using inkjet or
laser printers. In 2014 a graphic artist was
sentenced to 12 years in prison for running a
team that produced $1.4 million in fake $50 and
$100 bills, and a hairstylist was convicted for
bleaching $5 bills and reprinting them as $50 or
$100 bills. The U.S. Secret Service stated that in
2013 about 60% of the $89 million of U.S.
recovered counterfeit currency (of all
denominations) was produced using inkjet or laser
printers. [8]
Possible sources
North Korea
See also: North Korea’s illicit activities
The United States based its accusations against
North Korea on the accounts of a few North
Korean defectors who allegedly described the
operation and on South Korean intelligence
sources. [5] The testimony of the North Korean
defectors is considered by some to be suspect,
and one witness has since gone into hiding after
charges that he fabricated the story for money.
[16][17] These witnesses claimed that the factory
where the notes are printed is located in the city
of Pyongsong and is part of Division 39. [9]
One defector had taken the notes to experts in the
South Korean intelligence agency, who did not
believe that they were fakes. [18] The San
Francisco Chronicle interviewed a North Korean
chemist who described the operation; insisting on
anonymity, he spoke about the technical details of
the process as well as the distribution method,
which he said was through North Korean
diplomats and international crime syndicates. [19]
[not in citation given ]
Regardless of the reliability of the North Korean
defectors’ claims, it has been confirmed that
North Korea has passed off such bills in various
countries and that the counterfeit bills circulate
both within North Korea and around its border
with China.[5]
The U.S. Government has theorized that the bills
were spread in two ways:
North Korean diplomats almost always travel
through Moscow on their way to other
destinations. At the Embassy of North Korea in
Moscow they receive dollars for their expenses.
According to the claims of one defector,
forgeries are intermingled with real dollars in
about a 1 to 1 ratio. He said that most of the
diplomats themselves do not know that they
are being given fakes, and claimed that it is
possible to purchase a $100 bill for US$50–70
directly from North Korean agents, and
sometimes as low as $10–20 in bulk
The alleged chief of staff of the Official Irish
Republican Army , Seán Garland , was followed
and seen traveling to Moscow and visiting the
North Korean embassy along with some ex-
KGB officers. Allegedly, Seán Garland then
would, with the help of some associate
couriers, move this money to the Irish capital
Dublin and to Birmingham, England, where the
notes would be exchanged for pounds or
authentic dollars. [21][22] His alleged scheme,
involving several international crime syndicates
and transactions worth millions of dollars, was
uncovered after a tip-off. [23] Garland was
arrested in Belfast , Northern Ireland but fled
south to the Republic of Ireland after being
released for medical leave. On 21 December
2011, the Irish High Court dismissed the US
application for Garland’s extradition, [4][24] as
the alleged offence took place in Ireland and
was therefore not subject to extradition. The
case was referred to the Director of Public
Prosecutions to consider prosecution in Ireland.
Since 2004 the United States has frequently called
for pressure against North Korea in an attempt to
end the alleged distribution of supernotes. It has
investigated the Bank of China, Banco Delta Asia ,
and Seng Heng Bank .[26][27] The U.S. eventually
prohibited Americans from banking with Banco
Delta Asia. [28][29] However, an audit of the bank
disputed U.S. allegations and indicated that the
only time Banco Delta Asia had knowingly
handled counterfeit money was in 1994 when it
discovered and turned over $10,000 in counterfeit
$100 bills to local authorities. [30] The United
States has threatened North Korea with sanctions
over its alleged involvement with the supernotes,
though it said those sanctions would be a
separate issue from the nuclear sanctions.
South Korea has attempted to play a middle role,
encouraging all parties to reach an acceptable
conclusion without animosity. [26] In a major
meeting on January 22, 2006, the U.S. laid out its
evidence and tried to persuade the Seoul
government to take a harder line on the issue and
impose similar financial sanctions, but was
rebuffed.[26][31] South Korea prefers to place
blame on North Korean organizations rather than
the government, believing that this change in
rhetoric can mollify North Korea and be conducive
to a resumption of the six-party talks.[26]
Several North Korean diplomats have been
arrested on suspicion of passing the counterfeit
bills, but have used diplomatic immunity to evade
charges. [32]
On February 2, 2006, banks in Japan voluntarily
enforced sanctions on Banco Delta Asia identical
to those imposed by the United States. [26] Later
in August 2006, the Sankei Shimbun reported that
North Korea had opened 23 bank accounts in 10
countries, with the likely intent of laundering more
superbills. [33]
The U.S. Secret Service estimates that North
Korea has produced $45 million in superdollars
since 1989. They allege that the bills are
produced at the Pyongsong Trademark Printing
Factory, which is under the supervision of General
O Kuk-ryol

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The government’s of this world don’t hold the keys to the kingdom, no wonder they want us to have weaker ciphers or get rid of encryption all together.

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north Korea is never short of dem dollars despite sanctions,they just print n buy whatever they want,mind u wat they print is of higher quality than the original!

I will get old by the time I finish reading all that. Summarise.

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Hehe how do counterfeit products exceed the original in quality? Wonders will never cease.

a good fake and an original are the same.
you cant tell them apart.
the only difference is that the federal reserve doesnt have the serial of the latter


well said