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[SIZE=7]Iran Is Building an AI Supercomputer With or Without U.S. Processors[/SIZE]

A recent tweet announces that Iran is well underway in efforts to generate its own globally competitive supercomputer.
By Dana Miller
August 24th, 2019

Iran is making a big play at present to compete in the ever-deepening trenches of global information technology. Mohammad-Javad Azari Jahromi, Iran’s minister of information and computer technology, tweeted last weekend an announcement of a current supercomputer project, already in late development, to be launched next year and which he promised would be “100 times more powerful than previous ones.”

[SIZE=6]Translating the tweet, verbally and otherwise [/SIZE]
MJ Azari Jahromi


ابررایانه ایرانی “سیمرغ” تا سال‌ آینده آماده می‌شود: صد برابر قدرتمندتر از نمونه‌های قبلی، عالی و فوق‌العاده!
این ابررایانه برای حمایت از کسب‌وکارها با هدف توسعه هوش‌مصنوعی به مردم خدمت خواهد کرد.
هزار آفرین به سازندگان جوان و خلاق. بچه‌ها ممنونیم!


9:41 PM - Aug 17, 2019


Translated from Persian with masterful help from Google, this tweet reads:

The Simorgh Iranian supercomputer is due to launch next year: 100 times more powerful than previous ones, great! This supercomputer will support businesses with the goal of developing artificial intelligence. Thousands of happy young and creative creators. Thanks guys!

The name “Simorgh” derives from an ancient Iranian mythological bird, very like the Phoenix in other lore, that is gigantic, universally benevolent, and unilaterally female. This represents an interesting symbol for Iran’s supercomputer—a replete sort of union between the country’s past and its dream for the future.
[SIZE=6]What are those dreams, exactly?[/SIZE]
Twice a year since 1993, an organization called Top500 has ranked the world’s supercomputers. Iran has already established itself as a force to be reckoned with in scientific fields in 2016 when it was ranked 15th in the world by National Science Foundation for quality and number of engineering and other science-based publications in peer-reviewed journals and books.
With AI-based industries essentially leading the technological business world these days, the common belief is that Iran would like its new supercomputer to rank on the global scale as well by making the Top500 list.
[SIZE=6]Where does the black market come in?[/SIZE]
Nearly every developed country in the world is working on some kind of supercomputer so that they can compete and keep up with the economies and capabilities now dictating global trade, innovation, and security. Hewlett Packard Enterprise is responsible for helping countries like France reach this goal.
Because they run on a parallel processing system, carry vaster memory technologies, and contain greater internal storage, HPC systems are regarded as highly integral components in any effort to generate a competitive program that can move data beyond industry-standard speeds. Due to trade sanctions placed on Iran by the United States government, Iran cannot openly or legally buy Hewlett Packard parts at this juncture, and may have to turn to the black market in order to get the chips it needs to create its supercomputer.
[SIZE=6]So where does that leave plans?[/SIZE]
Iran has had no problem in the past sidestepping American sanctions, best illustrated in 2007 when the country produced a Linux-based system utilizing 216 AMD Opteron cores. Plans for this newest supercomputer effort have met with public reactions inside and outside Iran that range from joy to derision. We won’t collectively find out until next year if Jahromi’s tweet was founded on fact or misplaced boasts.

I love it when a small nation goes it’s own way in defiance to a bully.

[SIZE=7]No Furnace Needed: Engineers Create Laser That Can Easily Weld Ceramics Together[/SIZE]
The process is far more practical than the current welding methods available.
By Donovan Alexander
August 24th, 2019
UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering/Flickr
We live in a ceramic world. Ceramics are everywhere even in the world of engineering. The most important and general property of ceramics is that they are refractory. What does this mean? They are “rough-and-tumble” materials that will take large amounts of abuse in a wide range of situations. Don’t believe us?
Ceramic tiles are used for space shuttles. The composite is able to withstand tremendous temperatures and was even used to protect areas of the space shuttle that would rise above 1,260°C. Ceramics have high melting points, great hardness and strength, tremendous durability, and great chemical inertness. So why not use them all the time?

The process of welding ceramics together has traditionally been difficult because they need high temperatures to melt which in turn can expose them to “extreme temperature gradients that cause cracking”. However, researchers from the University of California San Diego and the University of California Riverside have come out with a solution to this problem.
[SIZE=6]Using lasers on ceramics [/SIZE]
Published in a study found in the scientific journal,[I] Science[/I], engineers from both teams have developed an ultrafast pulsed laser that can be used to melt ceramic materials together, fusing them together. What makes this so special? Aside from not even needing a furnace, the new laser process works in ambient conditions and uses less than 50 watts of laser power.
As mentioned above, ceramics are of great interest and have a host of applications. In the study, researchers discuss using ceramics for biomedical implants and as protective casings in electronics. In short, you could create scratch-resistant smart mobile devices, metal-free pacemakers, and electronics for space travel. UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering/Flickr
"Right now there is no way to encase or seal electronic components inside ceramics because you would have to put the entire assembly in a furnace, which would end up burning the electronics,” said Javier E. Garay, a professor of mechanical engineering and materials science and engineering at UC San Diego.
[SIZE=6]How does the laser work? [/SIZE]
The ultrafast pulsed laser welding process was created out of the vision to create a series of short laser pulses along the interface of two ceramic parts. This laser heat builds up only at the interface and causes localized melting. To create this system researchers worked on optimizing two aspects of their experiment.
First, they focused their attention on the laser parameters which included exposure time, number of laser pulses, and duration of the pulse. Next, they worked on the transparency of the ceramic material.
“The sweet spot of ultrafast pulses was two picoseconds at the high repetition rate of one megahertz, along with a moderate total number of pulses. This maximized the melt diameter, minimized material ablation, and timed cooling just right for the best weld possible,” said mechanical engineering Guillermo Aguilar.
Right now the process is just being used on small ceramic parts no bigger than two centimeters in size. The engineers eventually hope to optimize it for different types of materials and geometries.

Good days za US ziko behind.

Let’s wait and see.

Iran is in no way a “small nation”.
Iran belongs in the same league with india, China and Turkey. Timeless giants.

Why the hell would a nation be excited with building a computer?

toka kwa compartment bwana uone vile dunia inaenda…think technological independence…

Let alone Iran, China is outspending US in RD, the greatest number of patents in the industries of the future - robotics, AI, cybersecurity, etc. - are coming out of China, and the Asian tech talents are shifting back east. The US hegemony in tech will soon come to an end.

Hahaha I like Iran’s defiance despite hizo embargo huwa nazo… what a great country

Coming up with a patent and developing products and services are two different things. The Chinese economy hasn’t yet reached the cutting edge growth stage yet.
It’s still on the catch up economic growth stage. Add the current tariffs and the R&D in China will be massively slowed down.

You’re simply ignorant bro. You’re talking of the early 2000s China economy. Read on the tech startups coming out China, and the investments and advances being made by the Chinese tech giants like Huawei and Alibaba. Sanctions or no sanctions, you can’t stop the rise of eastern Asia economies. At the end of the day, the company that creates the best product and sells it at the most reasonable price wins.

Chinese economic growth last year was at 6.6%. A clear indication they’re are still on catch up side. Catch edge economic growth is usually very slow, 2-3 %, and even 3 % is a tall order.

Yes sir. They said that in the 1910s.

Link , sir?

Yesterday Hezbollah downed “hostile targets” from Israel. Organisation of Arab Corporation is dining with Israel, to talk about Iran, not Palestine.

Can you expound what you are alluding to. Sorry but, I am a little lost here.

Time for patronizing is coming to an end

Hakuna kitu ama technology US iko nayo wengine hawana. its only that they have access to large market and more allies

I remember the cheaper oil deal with President Ahmadinejab which President Kibaki denied after a call from the big bully.