Why Does Jesus Have Two Different Genealogies recorded in the Bible?

@Tom Bayeye

Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-28 at first appear to be contradictory. However on closer inspection, they complement each other.

The genealogy in Matthew 1 is clearly that of Joseph, Mary’s husband. Matthew records it for legal purposes. He is writing to prove to the Jews that Jesus is the Messiah, and the Jews’ custom in keeping records is to trace descent through the father. Legally, the Jews of Jesus’ day looked on Jesus as a son of Joseph (John 6:42). Also, Joseph’s lineage is given to emphasize the fact that Jesus had been born of a virgin. Because of a curse that God placed on one of Joseph’s ancestors, Jesus could never sit upon the throne of David if Joseph had been His natural father.

Jechonias (Matthew 1:11-12), called Coniah in Jeremiah 22:24-30, was so evil God cursed him and his descendants, saying, “Write this man down as childless, . . . for none of his descendants shall prosper, sitting on the throne of David, and ruling anymore in Judah” (verse 30). Jeconiah, as his name is spelled in the Old Testament, had children (I Chronicles 3:17), but he was childless insofar as none of his descendants ruled as king over Judah.

How, then, could Jesus be a descendant of David and qualify to sit on the throne? Enter the genealogy in Luke 3, which is Mary’s. According to Jewish usage, Mary’s ancestry is given in her husband’s name. The original Greek merely says Joseph was “of Heli” or Eli (verse 23). In fact, since Joseph’s father is said to be Jacob in Matthew 1:16, Heli is most probably Mary’s father. Joseph, then, is his son-in-law.

Unlike Joseph’s lineage, there was no block in Mary’s genealogy to Jesus sitting on the throne of David. Mary’s descent from David comes through his son Nathan, not Solomon or one of David’s other children (Luke 3:31). To fulfill His promise to establish David’s throne forever, God honored Nathan by making him the ancestor of the promised King who would sit on David’s throne throughout eternity (Luke 1:31-33).

But how could Mary transmit David’s royal inheritance—the right to the throne—to her Son, since all inheritances had to pass through the male line? According to Israel’s law, when a daughter is the only heir, she can inherit her father’s possessions and rights if she marries within her own tribe (Numbers 27:1-8; 36:6-8). There is no record that Mary had any brothers to inherit her father’s possessions and rights. Thus, Joseph became Heli’s heir by marriage to Mary, inheriting the right to rule on David’s throne, even over Judah. This right then passed on to Jesus.

Both genealogies had to be recorded to establish Christ’s right to rule on David’s throne. Joseph’s genealogy shows that Christ was a legal descendant of Jeconiah and thus legally could not sit on the throne of David in the nation Judah by inheriting the right solely through Joseph.

Further, the genealogies prove the virgin birth: The curse on Jeconiah’s line would have passed on to Christ if He were Joseph’s natural son, but He was not—He was the Son of God the Father, begotten by the Holy Spirit.

Jesus was Mary’s son descended from Nathan. Jesus can inherit rule over Judah because of Mary’s marriage to Joseph, whose genealogy shows he was Heli’s son-in-law.

Matthew 1:1-17 record of Jesus’ lineage

This is the genealogy[a] of Jesus the Messiah[b] the son of David,(D) the son of Abraham

2 Abraham was the father of Isaac,(F)
Isaac the father of Jacob,(G)
Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,(H)
3 Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar,(I)
Perez the father of Hezron,
Hezron the father of Ram,
4 Ram the father of Amminadab,
Amminadab the father of Nahshon,
Nahshon the father of Salmon,
5 Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab,(J)
Boaz the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth,
Obed the father of Jesse,
6 and Jesse the father of King David.(K)
David was the father of Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah’s wife,(L)
7 Solomon the father of Rehoboam,
Rehoboam the father of Abijah,
Abijah the father of Asa,
8 Asa the father of Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat the father of Jehoram,
Jehoram the father of Uzziah,
9 Uzziah the father of Jotham,
Jotham the father of Ahaz,
Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
10 Hezekiah the father of Manasseh,(M)
Manasseh the father of Amon,
Amon the father of Josiah,
11 and Josiah the father of Jeconiah[c] and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.(N)
12 After the exile to Babylon:
Jeconiah was the father of Shealtiel,(O)
Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel,(P)
13 Zerubbabel the father of Abihud,
Abihud the father of Eliakim,
Eliakim the father of Azor,
14 Azor the father of Zadok,
Zadok the father of Akim,
Akim the father of Elihud,
15 Elihud the father of Eleazar,
Eleazar the father of Matthan,
Matthan the father of Jacob,
16 and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary,(Q) and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.(R)

17 Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.

Luke’s record of the genealogy of Jesus

Luke 3:23-28
23 Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry.(AG) He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph,(AH)
the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat,
the son of Levi, the son of Melki,
the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph,
25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos,
the son of Nahum, the son of Esli,
the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath,
the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein,
the son of Josek, the son of Joda,
27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa,
the son of Zerubbabel,(AI) the son of Shealtiel,
the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melki,
the son of Addi, the son of Cosam,
the son of Elmadam, the son of Er,
29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer,
the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat,
the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon,
the son of Judah, the son of Joseph,
the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim,
31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna,
the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan,(AJ)
the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse,
the son of Obed, the son of Boaz,
the son of Salmon,[d] the son of Nahshon,
33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram,[e]
the son of Hezron, the son of Perez,(AK)
the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob,
the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham,
the son of Terah, the son of Nahor,(AL)
35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu,
the son of Peleg, the son of Eber,
the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan,
the son of Arphaxad,(AM) the son of Shem,
the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,(AN)
37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch,
the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel,
the son of Kenan,(AO) 38 the son of Enosh,
the son of Seth, the son of Adam,
the son of God.(AP)


Two words, Codex Sinaiticus. A beautifully composed scripture which was “discovered” in the St Catherine monastery at the base of Mt Sinai in Egypt . Dating from 325-360 CE.

Thats the bible you should be reading not the 1611A.D translation by the catholics.

75 books are missing,14 are possessed by the Vatcan because they don’t fit in with christian doctrine…here is a taste of one of the vatican books…

Wisdom of Solomon 2:1-24
1 To the ungodly said, reasoning with themselves, but not right, our entire life is short and dull, and at the passing of a man, there’s no remedy: neither was there any man known to have returned from the tomb.

5 For our period is very shadow that passeth away; and following our conclusion, [COLOR=rgb(184, 49, 47)]there’s not any coming: for it is fast sealed, and [COLOR=rgb(184, 49, 47)]so no man cometh back again.

[COLOR=rgb(0, 0, 0)]That’s what Solomon,most legendary characters in the bible,son David,jesus’ ancestor, was blabering,it goes on and on.

[COLOR=rgb(0, 0, 0)]Other books talk of jesus prophesies,‘Book of enoch’,downloadable in pdf…a bit heretical for KJV bible believers’ taste.

[COLOR=rgb(0, 0, 0)]most of the missing books potray JC like a common figure born of the flesh just like muhammad in the quran…with wife and kids[SIZE=1] shhh ,i know.[/SIZE][SIZE=5]The two geneologies… One is flesh ,one is spirit ,depends which one gives hope én masse[/SIZE]

[COLOR=rgb(0, 0, 0)][SIZE=5]FYI,mary had four naturally born sons with joseph yet the catholics, the writers of the bible,refer to her as the eternal virgin saying joseph had kids with another woman contradicting themselves[/SIZE]

Yet you said the following below. So why are any of Jesus’ genealogies relevant?

Real Christian believers consider most Catholic Church’s teachings as heretical. For instance their belief that Mary was a Perpetual Virgin or that she was immaculately conceived! Aside from the Book of Enoch, there’s also the book of Jasher, the Book of the Wars of the Lord, the Book of Samuel and the Book of Nathan which I’m tackling slowly by slowly. The Catholic Church has done the body of Christ a huge disservice but it’s up to us to seek out the truth so we can come to a better understanding of God.

Not in any future,i believe that the truth is surpressed purposely in all religions hence the great divide and animosity and once people figure it out its going to be chaotic.
Case in point ,(digression from here on:D)the vatican is believed to withhold actual terrestrial encounters and the evidence is in a vault,they have insinuated about it but havent denied all the same,imagine if the teuth was let loose,man would flip his wig knowing he aint unique ,after all, we hold from faith that just as god made this world, so there’s no possibility he could make another or several worlds
Ever wonderd why we call the callender “the gregorian”? The deep ties between the Catholic faith and the study of the stars’ system of keeping tabs on the earth’s voyage around the sun realised by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582.
Read St Thomas Aquinas’ “third book of sentences” he’s arguing for the existence of other worlds. Apologies i digressed

You need a deeper understanding of the Holy Spirit to read between the lines. The Bible says that Jesus was the descendant of Judah, sure, but Joseph of Judah’s lineage was not the biological father of Jesus. Joseph did play a fatherly role in raising Jesus like a step father would but that’s where the connection ends. Moreover we see that Abraham offered a gift of 10% of all his plunder to Melchizedek, who was a prefigure of Jesus in flesh. Only Levitical priests could take that 10% so why did Jesus take this gift offering if his lineage was from Judah and not Levi? The answer lies in Hebrews 7:16. Jesus became our High Priest not on the basis of His lineage but on the basis of His sinless life.

Hebrews 7:2. and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, the name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness"; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.”

Hebrews 7:3. Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever.

Hebrews 7:11. If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood—and indeed the law given to the people established that priesthood—why was there still need for another priest to come, one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron?

Hebrews 7:16. one who has become a priest not on the basis of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life.

The Word became flesh John 1:14.

And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.

This clearly indicates that Jesus Christ who is fully God did not inherit half of Mary’s DNA to become a demi-god. Instead, the Word who is fully God, became flesh. Mary was a surrogate mother in need of a savior like everyone else.

Jesus stops Mary from being called His mother in Matthew 12:47-50

Then one said to Him, “Look, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak with You.” But He answered and said to the one who told Him, “Who is My mother and who are My brothers?” And He stretched out His hand toward His disciples and said, “Here are My mother and My brothers! For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”

Jesus denies being the Son of David in Matthew 22:41-46

While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.” He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying: ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ? “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.

So then do the gospels contradict themselves?
Matthew 15:22

And a Canaanite woman from that region came out and began to cry out, saying, “Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is cruelly demon-possessed.”

Matthew 21:9

The crowds going ahead of Him, and those who followed, were shouting,
“Hosanna to the Son of David;
Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord;
Hosanna in the highest!”

Mark 10:48

Many were sternly telling him to be quiet, but he kept crying out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!”

Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Jesus-As-Son-Of-David

mzungu jesus is a 1AD creation by super smart people who were geniuses at research , development and public relations


There’s no contradiction. The Jews thought the Messiah Jesus was coming to topple the Romans and establish a Davidic monarchy. They had not had a King for years because of Roman occupation in their lands. Since King David was the most favored king of all Israel they knew a future Messianic king must come from His lineage but they didn’t fully understand the grand scheme of God. That city of David on Mount Zion would come much, much later during the millennium. While the blood lineage of Jesus was very important in order to convince the Jews of His worthiness to the royal throne, us Gentiles are able to look beyond the flesh and see that Jesus’ most important role was His priesthood in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Judah or Levi or other earthly genealogies.